Yeah, I said most religions. But that still doesn't answer my question for other religions and it especially doesn't answer my question for treating gay or transgender people.
I can understand this when it comes to a woman's right to decide...you know. But where in most religions does it say that birth control or treating gay or transgender people is wrong? At what point does it just become discrimination?
This religious liberty line is very grey and inexact. It can start with a well intended objective of preventing people from performing pregnancy terminations but then people can extend that to providing services to gay people (see wedding cake case). This type of religious liberty regulation (yes, the anti regulation party is pushing a regulation) always seems like a good idea when the religion aligns with your personal belief but quickly breaks down. Why doesn't religious liberty apply to Mormons who want 5 wives for example?
I think church and state have been separated for good reason.
Free exercise of religion is a constitutional right. When the government compels people to act in a way that violates their religion, isnít that the state interfering with the church?
Can't speak for transgenderism, but Catholicism is the main opponent to the use of contraception (including everything from hormonal IUDs/pills to hysterectomies) in the West, and this is well established in their theology based upon natural law reasoning. They've even included this explicitly in their "Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Health Care Services" that every legitimate Catholic healthcare organization is bound by: http://www.usccb.org/issues-and-action/human-life-and-dignity/health-care/upload/Ethical-Religious-Directives-Catholic-Health-Care-Services-fifth-edition-2009.pdf.
While I think there's pretty strong empirical evidence that the majority of lay Catholics do not follow or agree with this particular Catholic doctrine, it is one of the more frequent issues brought up in Catholic healthcare ethics.
A) I'm not sure why you're being so confrontational in your response. I simply answered the part of your question that I have experience with and knowledge about.
B) Per your quip about "most religions," that's not necessarily a directly answerable question, because religions are very dynamic and varied. Catholicism is pretty much the only major sect of religion that has a (fairly) consistent fundamental doctrine prohibiting artificial contraception in this way, and it is by and large going to be the biggest influencing factor in the West.
However, certain other Protestant, Jewish, and Islamic groups have also expressed some sort of opposition to at least some forms of artificial contraception. For example, most Islamic sects are generally accepting of artificial contraception within the confines of marriage, but permanent forms of contraception (e.g. hysterectomy) are either frowned upon or totally prohibited. Many Jewish groups also view certain barrier types of contraception as "wasting seed" and immoral, but they're fine with other forms of contraception.
So while there are certainly numerous other particular religious sects and groups that morally object to some form of contraceptive use, in the West any experience with this issue is highly likely to be based on Catholicism due to its robust moral theology on the issue and the sheer number of Catholics compared to other religious adherents. And given that over 15% of American healthcare is Catholic-based with nearly a quarter of the American population identifying as Catholic, that's a substantial number that should be taken into account.
C) As I stated previously, I can't speak for the issue of transgenderism, because that's not an area that I have much experience in, especially regarding religious philosophy.